By National Research Council Staff; Environmental Studies Board
How harmful is acid rain? present evaluations fluctuate broadly, partly simply because for each proposed hyperlink among acid rain and hostile environmental results an alternate clarification in accordance with different phenomena will be or has been proposed, and in lots of situations can't be with no trouble pushed aside. the categorical components addressed during this quantity comprise the emissions of sulfur and nitrogen oxides, precipitation chemistry, atmospheric sulfates and visibility, floor water chemistry, sediment chemistry and abundance of diatom taxa, fish populations, and woodland productiveness. The publication then attracts conclusions in regards to the acid deposition-phenomenon courting, choosing phenomena that are at once acid deposition-caused and suggesting others it sounds as if because of human actions unrelated to acid deposition.
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Extra resources for Acid Deposition : Atmospheric Processes in Eastern North America
1977), while sulfur frequently is not retained by forest soils (Abrahamsen 1980). For aquatic ecosystems, therefore, sulfur is more important for acidification than nitrogen. Alkaline as well as acidic cations accompany the movement of sulfate from soils to aquatic systems; consequently, acidification of soil is more likely to occur from excessive sulfate deposition than from excessive nitrate deposition. The spring flush of acids into aquatic systems may, however, be closely associated with the accumulation of nitrate and sulfate in snowpack (Galloway and Dillon 1982, McLean 1981).
Environ. Sci. Technol. 14:1337-1348. , and H. Rodhe. 1982. Factors controlling the acidity of natural rainwater, Nature 295:683-685. E. Likens. 1974. Acid precipitation in the northeastern United States. Water Resources Res. 10:1133-1137. S. 1980. Consequences of sulfuric acid inputs to a forest soil. Pp. S. R. E. Lindberg, eds. : Ann Arbor Science Publishers. , and A. Tollan, eds. 1980. Proceedings of the International Conference on Ecological Impact of Acid Precipitation, Sandefjord, Norway, March 11-14, 1980.
Control Assoc. 28:229-235. J. Dillon. 1982. Effects of acidic deposition: the importance of nitrogen. Stockholm Conference on Acidification of the Environment. Stockholm: Swedish Ministry of Agriculture. E. C. M. Miller. 1982. The composition of precipitation in remote areas of the world. J. Geophys. Res. 11:8771-8786. M. Hidy. 1982. Review of questions regarding rain acidity data. Atmos. Environ. 15:1597-1604. E. Patterson. 1980. Regional scale air pollution: source and effects. Ann. Y. Acad. Sci.