By Khaled Fahmy
Whereas scholarship has usually considered Mehmed Ali Pasha because the founding father of glossy Egypt, Khaled Fahmy deals a brand new interpretation of his position within the upward push of Egyptian nationalism, firmly finding him in the Ottoman context as an bold, if problematical, Ottoman reformer. Basing his paintings on formerly ignored archival fabric, the writer demonstrates how Mehmed Ali sought to advance the Egyptian financial system and to accumulate the military, no longer as a method of gaining Egyptian independence from the Ottoman empire, yet to additional his personal objectives for famous hereditary rule over the province. by way of concentrating on the military and the soldier’s day-by-day reviews, the writer constructs an in depth photograph of makes an attempt at modernization and reform, how they have been deliberate and carried out by means of a variety of reformers, and the way the general public at huge understood and accommodated them. during this manner, the paintings contributes to the bigger methodological and theoretical debates pertaining to nation-building and the development of country strength within the specific context of early nineteenth-century Egypt.
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Extra info for All the Pasha's Men: Mehmed Ali His Army and the Making of Modern Egypt
It also reviews the initial problems encountered in collecting the men from their villages and in securing their delivery to the training depots. Since this book is more interested in the soldiers who fought in the Pasha's wars than in their commanders or in the Pasha himself, this chapter marks the beginning of the main story that this book is concerned with: the story of a hypothetical soldier whose connection with the army starts with conscription then proceeds to training, then follows him to the battle scene, and from there to see how he recuperated from the aftermath of the battle.
9. Spenser Wilkinson, Britain at Bay (London: Constable, 1909), p. 191. al-Raf I, 'Asr Muhammad 'AK, p. 331. "86 European nation-states came into being not only through the spread of nationalist feelings and sentiments but also through the states' monopoly of means of violence and their amassing of administrative and military measures that enabled them to extend their authority and control over remote regions in a permanent and stable manner. Studying Mehmed Ali's army offers a good opportunity to verify whether a similar process could be detected in the Egyptian case, and if the growing power of the Egyptian state in the first half of the nineteenth century could be attributed to its effective monopoly of means of violence.
Like Napoleon III, Mehmed Ali "turned up" ("es fand sich" are Marx's untranslatable words), mysteriously appearing on the Egyptian historical landscape. Answering Egypt's pleas, the Great Pasha descended from heaven to deliver her from oppression, and to lift her from the dark recesses of centuries of Ottoman neglect and misery into the bright sunlight of dignity and national independence. 39 Karl Marx, The Eighteenth Brumaire of Louis Bonaparte (New York: International Publishers, 1984), p. 124.