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By OECD Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Develop

Every year, 740 000 humans die because of armed violence. It more and more exploits a hyperlink among clash and crime and undermines our possibilities of achieving the Millennium improvement pursuits. This publication might help relief donors - either coverage advisors and programme employees - to remodel solid phrases into reliable programmes that may eventually support lessen armed violence globally. desk of content material : govt precis creation bankruptcy 1. what's Armed Violence? bankruptcy 2. Armed Violence tendencies and Programming Gaps bankruptcy three. Armed Violence aid (AVR) and Prevention and the Armed Violence Lens bankruptcy four. tests: using the Armed Violence Lens bankruptcy five. Programming Implications and methods Annex A. AVR and different OECD-DAC Priorities Annex B. Examples of nearby tools for AVR Annex C. extra Examples of oblique Programming Bibliography

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Additional info for Armed Violence Reduction: Enabling Development (Conflict and Fragility)

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Source: Chaudhary and Suhrke, 2008. ARMED VIOLENCE REDUCTION: ENABLING DEVELOPMENT – ISBN 978-92-64-06015-9 – © OECD 2009 42 – 2. ARMED VIOLENCE TRENDS AND PROGRAMMING GAPS Gap 5: Inexperience programming in urban areas – Urban-based armed violence is significant, and there is growing recognition of the negative impacts of such violence on urban governance and socio-economic development. The World Bank, its sister agencies and UN-Habitat have developed some expertise on addressing various aspects of crime and insecurity in cities.

When the country was crippled by a small insurrection in 2004 that led to the departure of President Jean-Bertrand Aristide, the UN mission that followed cost upwards of USD 400 million, with some USD 1 billion pledged for development programming by over a dozen donors. Would more energetic support of the OAS have made a difference? The answer is not known. But failing to deliver minimal backing meant preventive efforts never had the slightest chance of succeeding. Source: Collings, 2005. 12 See Cockayne 2007 and UNODC, 2008.

According to UN-Habitat (2007) some 72% of urban sub-Saharan Africans and 80% of Nicaraguans and Haitians currently live in slums. See also DFAIT and CCHS, 2007. ARMED VIOLENCE REDUCTION: ENABLING DEVELOPMENT – ISBN 978-92-64-06015-9 – © OECD 2009 38 – 2. ARMED VIOLENCE TRENDS AND PROGRAMMING GAPS Growth in the proportion of excluded and marginalised youth – The largest-ever generation of young people is now entering adulthood. Almost half of the world’s population is under the age of 24, and the vast majority of 10- to 24-year-olds live in less developed countries.

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