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By Richard Henry Pratt

Normal Richard Henry Pratt, top referred to as the founder and longtime superintendent of the influential Carlisle Indian university in Pennsylvania, profoundly formed Indian schooling and federal Indian coverage on the flip of the 20th century. Pratt’s lengthy and energetic army occupation integrated 8 years of provider as a military box officer at the western frontier. in the course of that point he participated in the various sign conflicts with Indians of the southern plains, together with the Washita crusade of 1868-1869 and the crimson River battle of 1874-1875. He then served as jailor for lots of of the Indians who surrendered. His stories led him to commit himself to Indian schooling, and from 1879 to 1904, nonetheless on lively army responsibility, he directed the Carlisle university, believing that the one method to retailer Indians from extinction was once to take away Indian formative years to nonreservation settings and there inculcate in them what he thought of civilized ways.Pratt’s memoirs, edited through Robert M. Utley and with a brand new foreword via David Wallace Adams, provide perception into and realizing of what at the moment are hugely debatable turn-of-the-century Indian schooling guidelines.

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Extra info for Battlefield & Classroom: Four Decades With the American Indian, 1867-1904

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Pratt] bought three hams of venison yesterday which in the aggregate weighed thirty-six pounds, for a dollar and a half. Turkeys-wild-sell at two to four "bits" and prairie chickens we have many given to us. We are now promised a treat in the shape of a ham of bear meat. T h e Caddoes on a recent scout found where two large ones of the cinnamon class made their home and Jones, our indefatigable scout and interpreter, with Dr. C. (also indefatigable), eight Caddoes and dogs not counted have gone to give battle.

Grass was their only food. I talked more with the Indian sergeant and his men of the scouts and found that most of them had received English education in their home schools conducted by their Cherokee tribal government. They had manly bearing and 5. All the Five Civilized Tribes of Indian Territory (Cherokee, Choctaw, Creek, Chickasaw, and Seminole) took sides in the Civil War, and large numbers rendered creditable service to the Union and Confederate causes. T h e Cherokees were slaveholders, and the largest share of them went with the South.

He did not know anything about the other boat. I asked the Indian sergeant if some of his men could not manage the boats. '' There was no cable rope and the boat had to be pushed over with poles. T h e sergeant told the ferryman to bring his boat over immediately and he could then go back and get his breakfast and the scouts would ferry the command across while he was eating. T h e boat was brought over and three of the Indians were sent across with their ponies as part of the first load, with orders to hurry up the river, two of them to get the other boat and the third to lead their horses back.

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