By Romeela Mohee, Ackmez Mudhoo
Bioremediation and Sustainability is an updated and finished remedy of study and purposes for one of the most vital reasonably cheap, "green," rising applied sciences in chemical and environmental engineering.
Chapter 1 parts of Sustainability and Bioremediation (pages 1–41): Ackmez Mudhoo and Romeela Mohee
Chapter 2 normal Attenuation (pages 43–102): R. Ryan Dupont
Chapter three Anaerobic Digestion procedures (pages 103–136): Steven I. Safferman, Dana M. Kirk, Louis L. Faivor and Wei Wu Haan
Chapter four Biosurfactants: Synthesis, homes and purposes in Environmental Bioremediation (pages 137–211): Ramkrishna Sen, Ackmez Mudhoo and D. Gunaseelan
Chapter five Phytoremediation: an effective method for Bioremediation of natural and metal Ions toxins (pages 213–240): Divya Gupta, Lalit Kumar Singh, Ashish Deep Gupta and Vikash Babu
Chapter 6 Bioleaching (pages 241–260): Leo G. Leduc and Garry D. Ferroni
Chapter 7 Biosorption of Heavy Metals – New views (pages 261–283): Teresa Tavares and Hugo Figueiredo
Chapter eight Biofiltration: necessities, study and purposes (pages 285–315): Smita Raghuvanshi, Subhajit Majumder and Suresh Gupta
Chapter nine Modeling and Implementation of Sustainable Remediation in line with Bioventing (pages 317–366): Hillel Rubin, Eran Rubin and Holger Schuttrumpf
Chapter 10 Bioremediation of Xenobiotics (pages 367–398): Komal Saxena, Gajendra Kumar Aseri, Ashish Deep Gupta and Vikash Babu
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Additional info for Bioremediation and Sustainability: Research and Applications
Moreover, some non-degradable compounds like the heavy metals ions discharged into the environment along with the treated compounds can cause problems due to non-degradability, bioaccumulation, biomagnification and transport to long distances. As a result, some organic molecules and the heavy metals ions are not biodegradable and persist in the environment. ELEMENTS OF SUSTAINABILITY AND BIOREMEDIATION 25 Conventional methods for the removal of the heavy metals ions from wastewaters include chemical precipitation, electroflotation, ion exchange, reverse osmosis and adsorption onto activated carbon .
They found B. juncea to be especially adapted in accumulating lead. 5% dry weight in the shoots suggesting that a crop of such plants could extract 630 k g / h a of Pb in above ground biomass with a single harvest, more if some root material was harvested as well . It is important to note however, that these experiments were done hydroponically. In soil, the property of Pb to bind to clay soil particles and organic matter, and its inclusion in insoluble precipitates significantly reduces the bioavailability of Pb to the plant .
Metals Metals can inhibit various cellular processes and their effects are often concentration-dependent . Metal toxicity for microbes will usually involve specific chemical reactivity. Metals such as copper, silver, and mercury are typically very toxic particularly as ions, while metals such as lead, barium and iron are usually benign to the microbes at levels typically encountered. The nutrient metals are usually found naturally in the necessary amounts for plants and microbes in fertile soils .