By David Linden (auth.)
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Extra info for Brain Control: Developments in Therapy and Implications for Society
He asked the patient to imagine playing tennis. He reasoned that if the patient showed activation of the corresponding motor areas in the brain this would indicate that he understood the instructions. This is indeed what he observed. Thus the patient, who, according to his clinicians, was suffering from PVS or MCS, was fully aware and was more likely to be suffering from locked-in syndrome. These post-comatose patients are already suffering from a very disabling condition but it must make things even worse to be awake and aware while nobody takes any notice.
A particularly striking demonstration of the relevance for memory of one of its parts, the hippocampus, was obtained when epilepsy sufferer Henry Molaison had his hippocampus (and adjacent areas in the medial temporal lobe) removed on both sides by neurosurgeon William Scoville in 1953. 1 Location of the limbic system, its main components and adjacent areas Note: Many of these areas have been targets for psychiatric surgery and Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS). External Control of the Brain 37 him unable to form new memories (most of his memories for the time before the operation and his ability to speak English were preserved).
3). It releases hormones, for example, oxytocin, which is primarily relevant for the regulation of pregnancy and milk production but has also been suspected to be a factor in the general disposition of the human species to be social. In addition to direct hormone release, the hypothalamus also controls the release of hormones from the pituitary gland. These hormones regulate the core bodily functions of growth, metabolism (conversion of food into energy) and procreation. The hypothalamus is also a central control station for the vegetative, or autonomic, nervous system.