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By Wolfgang Schlager

Carbonate Sedimentology and series Stratigraphy

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13). These mixtures are not random. They cluster into three preferred production systems, or factories, that differ in dominant precipitation mode (Fig. 14), mineral composition (Fig. 15), depth range of production (Fig. 16) as well as growth potential (see p. 24f). I introduced the classification by using the terms tropical, cool-water and mud-mound factory (Schlager, 2000, 2003). I think the terms T factory, C factory and M factory are preferable because there exist several definitions for each of the three key words and each letter stands for at least two important properties of the respective factory (see below).

25). Thus, if the rim goes under, the entire platform should be lost. The main advantage of backstepping is the reduced power of destructive waves in a backstepped position. Waves that reach a backstepped margin have lost part of their energy to bottom friction as they travelled over shallow ground. Other reasons for backstepping are elevated topography or, on large passive margins, shift to areas of slower subsidence. 42 WOLFGANG SCHLAGER A C Gb=C-(D-F) F= sum of frictional losses b Ga=C-D C = construction a x growth potential D = destruction rate of rise G = reef growth a incre sed subs iden ce distance from hinge line lagoon reefs sealevel rise beach ridges & dunes lagoon reef position of hinge line B diffe rent ial s ubsid ence (tilt) Fig.

W. Fouke and the author. Fig. — Influence of bedding on cliff profile – an example from Exuma Islands, Bahamas. Rocks are Pleistocene eolianites that consist of harder and softer layers. Where bedding is flat, a near-vertical cliff develops; the varying hardness of the layers only shows in the rugged outline of the cliff. In the lower part, where bedding dips seaward, the weathering profile follows the bedding. F. McNeill. CHAPTER 2: PRINCIPLES OF CARBONATE PRODUCTION that partly explain this discrepancy and Fig.

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