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By Fred K. Drogula

During this paintings, Fred Drogula reviews the advance of Roman provincial command utilizing the phrases and ideas of the Romans themselves as reference issues. starting within the earliest years of the republic, Drogula argues, provincial command used to be now not a uniform proposal mounted in confident legislation yet quite a dynamic set of principles formed via conventional perform. consequently, because the Roman country grew, recommendations of authority, keep watch over over territory, and armed forces energy underwent continuous transformation. this pliability was once an incredible source for the Romans because it enabled them to reply to new army demanding situations in powerful methods. however it was once additionally a resource of clash over the jobs and definitions of strength. the increase of well known politics within the past due republic enabled males like Pompey and Caesar to take advantage of their enormous impression to govern the versatile traditions of army command for his or her personal virtue. Later, Augustus used nominal provincial instructions to soothe the senate at the same time he targeted army and governing energy less than his personal keep an eye on by means of claiming excellent rule. In doing so, he laid the foundation for the early empire's ideas of command.

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93 If so, the reforms of 449 BC may have required for the first time that all military commanders be confirmed by a popular assembly that represented the Roman people. 94 91. Cic. Rep. 4–6; cf. 14. Only the lex Valeria of 300 BC is accepted generally. 92. 1–13, Dion. Hal. 5–7, Dion. Hal. 7, Dion. Hal. 7–8. 93. See Heuss (1944) 57–133. Humm (2012) 83 has also argued that the curiate law was created after the monarchy had been expelled from Rome. 94. 3). See chapter 2 for a full discussion of the role played by the comitia curiata in authorizing military command.

20 Concepts and Traditions of Military Leadership in Early Rome tary resources made up of their family and retainers or dependents. 39 The close proximity of enemies made small-scale raids a constant part of life, and the Romans no doubt responded to (and initiated) such attacks in various ways. While large armies might be put together for campaigns of conquest or major punitive actions, it was probably more usual for clans (gentes) to defend their own territory and possessions with private war bands.

101 If true, this would mean that originally the comitia centuriata merely approved the choice of the patricians, although it might get to make a choice if the patricians supplied more candidates than needed. ” 100. For example, the Macedonian army traditionally had the right to approve a new king by acclamation. See Potter (1996a) 133–34, esp. n. 13. 101. 4–12. 64. On the patrician use of religious authority to dominate political affairs in early Rome, see Palmer (1970 [2009]) 191–280, Raaflaub (2005b) 198, Schiavone (2012) 66–79.

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