By Jan-Werner Mülller
This ebook is the 1st significant account of political notion in twentieth-century Europe, either West and East, to seem because the finish of the chilly conflict. Skillfully mixing highbrow, political, and cultural historical past, Jan-Werner Müller elucidates the tips that formed the interval of ideological extremes earlier than 1945 and the liberalization of West eu politics after the second one international battle. He additionally deals brilliant pics of recognized in addition to unjustly forgotten political thinkers and the activities and associations they inspired.
Müller can pay specific realization to principles complex to justify fascism and the way they relate to the specified form of liberal democracy that was once created in postwar Western Europe. He additionally explains the impression of the Sixties and neoliberalism, finishing with a severe overview of today's self-consciously post-ideological age.
" [An] notable survey of 20th-century eu political thought.”—Tony Barber, monetary Times
(Tony Barber monetary occasions 2011-08-20)
'This is a pathbreaking research within the highbrow historical past of Europe in our time. Analysing rules that had political influence, Jan-Werner Mülller illuminates a unending debate approximately actual and fake democracy.' - Timothy Garton Ash
(Timothy Garton Ash)
'The such a lot cutting edge components of this admirably thorough and finished ebook care for the now not so liberal roots of the liberal political associations and practices that got here to fruition in post-war Europe. What moves me is the balanced therapy of advancements in Western and japanese Europe.' - Jürgen Habermas
'Ideology is where the place idea and perform, philosophy and heritage, meet. comprehend this "in-between" and also you are good in your approach to figuring out the inner most dynamics that form smooth political lifestyles. during this illuminating examine Jan-Werner Müller is helping us see the event of twentieth-century Europe, East and West, in a clean mild via displaying how its attribute ideologies constructed, functioned, and tailored to the area they created. by way of targeting "political concept that issues politically" Müller takes us past the easy tales now we have inherited approximately revolution and response, post-war reconstruction, the chilly conflict, the Sixties, and masses else. via the top he places us in a stronger place to appreciate the forces at paintings in modern ecu politics and the unusual charm of the "anti-political" ideology that governs our time.' - Mark Lilla, writer of The Reckless brain: Intellectuals in Politics
'The nice fulfillment of Jan Werner Müller's Contesting Democracy is to steer us thoroughly around the significant unruly manifestos of eu political principles, from the appalling doctrines that helped generate the totalitarian regimes and international wars to the uneasy decency of our personal period, with no sacrificing the reader's feel of urgency and signifiance.' - Charles S. Maier
'Jan-Werner Müller’s Contesting Democracy is the main philosophically refined and topically complete learn of political principles in 20th- century Europe but on hand. It shows a masterful command of fundamental texts, archival assets, and myriad secondary literatures. Müller assembles for political theorists, highbrow historians and social scientists formerly disparate items of intellectual-political lifestyles from the final, such a lot incomprehensible century on that ceaselessly confused and infinitely difficult continent. by means of so expertly conveying the complete value of communism, fascism, liberalism, social democracy and Christian democracy, Müller makes the eu 20th century even more fathomable from a historic, ethical and political perspective than any prior paintings, in any language.' - John P. McCormick, writer of Machiavellian Democracy
(John P. McCormick)
“…… [A] fantastic learn of the impression of mass democracy on ecu political cultures.”—David Marquand, the recent Statesman
(David Marquand the hot Statesman 2011-08-22)
“…..[An] first-class book…..Müller presents an insightful and complete evaluation of the advance of political rules in 20th-century Europe that takes in Fascism, Communism, social democracy, liberalism, and lots more and plenty else.—Jeremy Jennings, point of view Magazine
(Jeremy Jennings point of view journal 2011-09-13)
“Muller’s profound and stimulating booklet has a lot to supply, either to experts and for others.”—Roger Morgan, instances better Education
(Roger Morgan instances better schooling 2011-10-06)
“There isn't any bankruptcy of the 20th century’s ecu political idea that's not luminously analysed during this fantastically written, lucidly argued and immensely enticing book.”—Vladimir Tismaneanu, overseas Affairs
(Vladimir Tismaneanu foreign Affairs 2012-01-01)
"Jan-Werner Muller has written a great publication which for the 1st time offers us a competent synthesis of twentieth-century eu political thought." ecu evaluation of History
(European evaluate of background 2012-08-27)
"The originality of Contesting Democracy stems in stable half from the variety of its topic, its good thought-out constitution, and, final yet no longer least, its vigorous anecdotes and noteworthy prices. Müller writes elegantly and has an exceptional eye for vital rules and overlooked authors." A. Craiutu, Springer.
(A. Craiutu Springer 2012-07-31)
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Extra resources for Contesting Democracy: Political Ideas in Twentieth-Century Europe
Like many of his German contemporaries, he was a legal formalist and sought to demystify the state, arguing that it was not any kind of ‘organism’, and that it could not be identiﬁed by particular goals. He simply deﬁned the state through the means it used, and arrived at one of the most quoted sentences in political science: ‘the state is a human community that (successfully) claims the monopoly of the legitimate use of physical force within a given territory’. The emphasis on force ﬁtted well with Weber’s image of politics as perpetual conﬂict, of social life as never-ending struggle (which, however, in Weber’s view, also put a premium on the capacity for compromise).
J. P. Taylor was to put it, T H E M O LT E N M A S S 11 until August 1914 ‘a sensible, law-abiding Englishman could pass through life and hardly notice the existence of the state, beyond the post ofﬁce and the policeman’. 7 John Maynard Keynes added that the Englishman ‘regarded this state of affairs as normal, certain, and permanent, and any deviation from it as aberrant, scandalous and avoidable’. And he went on: ‘The projects and politics of militarism and imperialism, of racial and cultural rivalries .
Then there were the large colonial empires of France and Great Britain, not to forget the colonial empires of the smaller West European countries such as Belgium, Portugal and the Netherlands. Belgium, for instance, had an empire eighty times its own size (Britain’s by 1914 was 140 times its own size). 17 An impartial observer might also have concluded that rather than empires and nation-states being the two obvious rival political forms, in reality two types 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 20 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 30 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 40R 14 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 20 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 30 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 40R CONTESTING DEMOCRACY of empire were competing for pre-eminence: on the one hand, what appeared like old, established nation-states with vast colonial overseas ventures (and attendant ‘civilizing missions’); on the other, continental – that is to say, large land-mass – empires.