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By Vivien Stern

Vivien Stern explains the forces dictating the form and path of crime styles and felony justice responses globally, arguing that many regulations being pursued this day, together with the so-called battle on medicines and fiscal guidelines that bring up inequality, are literally developing crimes. She argues convincingly that the way in which ahead isn't harsher prisons or letting advertisement organisations generate profits out of privatized prisons. as an alternative, a brand new felony justice schedule may still contain minimum use of the felony justice process, with policing responsible to neighborhood groups, imprisonment as a final inn, morally educative consequences that profit sufferers instead of simply punishing the perpetrators, and a renewed emphasis on social justice and monetary improvement that advantages everyone.

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6 per cent) of all the black men in the US aged between 25 and 29 were in prison. 7 per cent. The disproportions are similar for women in prison. 58 In some states the figures are even more dramatic. In the District of Columbia, for instance, the proportion of African-Americans in prison per 100,000 is 1,504 compared to 52 per 100,000 of the white population, 30 times as many. 7 Source: These statistics were taken from World Prison Brief Online, 28 June 2005. Statistics are not necessarily from the same year but represent the most recent figures available.

They should be in hospital rather than prison. Living in prison can have a bad effect on mental health and lead to depression and suicide attempts. In 2004 the Correctional Association of New York published a study of how mentally ill prisoners were treated in the prisons of New York State. The report painted a grim picture. Stern 01 14/3/06  9:45 pm Page 42 Creating Criminals On nearly every site visit we encountered individuals in states of extreme desperation: men weeping in their cells, men who had smeared feces on their bodies or lit their cells on fire, prisoners who cut their own flesh, inmates who rambled incoherently and paced about their cells like caged animals....

Prison staff come to work every day in a setting where corruption is taken for granted. Prisoners will be asked to pay for everything to which they should be entitled – food, a decent place in a cell, a visit from the family, a telephone call – as well as for a number of things they are not entitled to, such as drugs, mobile telephones, a place in the prison hospital when they are not sick, a trip home at night with a chance to sneak back in the morning, and a positive parole decision. Thabani Jali is a South African judge.

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