Download Crime & Punishment in the U.S. (Magill's Choice) by Phyllis B. Gerstenfeld PDF

By Phyllis B. Gerstenfeld

This three-volume creation to the legal justice process within the US explains many of the varieties of criminality in and the categories of punishment. Articles are prepared alphabetically, and are cross-referenced to different articles within the set.

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If arrested persons are charged with misdemeanors only and have signed an agreement to appear in court or before a magistrate at a designated place and time, they may also be released. When prisoners are not subject to release in accordance with an established schedule of bail or they cannot post bail, they must be taken without unnecessary delay to the nearest or most accessible magistrate in the county in which the offense is triable if they are in a condition to make a court appearance—that is, if they are not drunk, unconscious, ill, or mentally incompetent.

Only a small class of federal cases are automatically entitled to appeals to the Supreme Court. The remainder are only heard if they present particularly novel or important issues. This discretionary type of appeal is known as certiorari appeal. The Supreme Court also has the authority to 14 Arraignment hear certiorari appeals of state court decisions when they are state courts of last resort and they raise issues of federal constitutional law. It is estimated that the Supreme Court hears only about 3 percent of the cases for which certiorari appeals are sought.

Explains differences in police and prosecutorial discretion. Walker, Samuel, and Charles M. Katz. The Police in America: An Introduction. 6th ed. Boston: McGraw-Hill, 2008. , and Kenneth M. Wells. The Administration of Justice. 5th ed. : Prentice-Hall, 1987. Covers the role of criminal justice officials. See also Arraignment; Arrest warrants; Bail system; Booking; Extradition; Jurisdiction of courts; Miranda rights; Nonviolent resistance; Preventive detention; Probable cause; Stop and frisk; Suspects.

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