By Georgia Zara, David P. Farrington
Criminal Recidivism intends to fill a niche within the criminological psychology literature by way of interpreting the techniques underlying continual felony careers. This ebook goals to enquire felony recidivism, and why, how and for the way lengthy somebody maintains to devote crimes, when additionally reviewing wisdom approximately possibility overview and the position of psychopathy (including neurocriminological elements) in encouraging recidivism. It additionally specializes in the recidivism of intercourse offenders and on what works in decreasing reoffending.
At an empirical point, this booklet makes an attempt to provide an explanation for felony endurance and recidivism utilizing longitudinal info from the Cambridge learn in antisocial improvement (CSDD). At a psycho-criminological point it joins jointly quantitative and qualitative analyses, making its content material a pragmatic advisor to give an explanation for, are expecting, and intrude to lessen the danger of legal recidivism. The authors current quantitative analyses of felony careers, in addition to qualitative existence histories of power offenders, so one can deliver domestic the truth and effects of a lifetime of crime.
The ebook is aimed not just at complex scholars and lecturers in psychology, criminology, probation experiences, social sciences, psychiatry, sociology, political technology, and penology, but in addition at choice makers, coverage officers, and practitioners in the realm of crime intervention and prevention, and in addition at forensic specialists, judges and legal professionals.
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Additional resources for Criminal Recidivism: Explanation, prediction and prevention
Within the scope of this type of research, the WODC – the research bureau of the Ministry of Justice in the Netherlands – made an inventory of the studies that were carried out in Europe. 2, 14 Criminal recidivism have recently carried out a recidivism study on a national scale. Steps are being taken to bring these countries together and to explore the possibility of making international comparisons of reconviction rates. A questionnaire on recidivism research was sent out to 41 European countries.
Criminal recidivism is a post-hoc process in the sense that it is manifest only after an offence has occurred, and it is influenced by many different variables that directly or indirectly contribute to the continuation of criminal events in the life-course of an individual. Longitudinal data are essential in investigating criminal careers in general, and criminal recidivism in particular; they allow for a better understanding of the pattern of risk continuity or discontinuity along the life-course, and facilitate the identification of those life events that may be negative turning points into a criminal pattern.
This might explain why reconviction rates for the USA are lower than for the UK and Holland. It does not explain though the outcome for Switzerland, France, Northern Ireland and Iceland. The provisional self-evident conclusion that can be drawn from these data is that for these countries both the imprisonment rates and the reconviction rates are notably low. However, no study is available to offer any explanations about why this is so. Furthermore, no comparative empirical analyses are available on reconviction rates amongst European states.