By Jane Mansbridge, John Parkinson
'Deliberative democracy' is usually brushed off as a collection of small-scale, educational experiments. This quantity seeks to illustrate how the deliberative excellent can paintings as a concept of democracy on a bigger scale. It offers a brand new state of mind approximately democratic engagement around the spectrum of political motion, from cities and villages to state states, and from neighborhood networks to transnational, even worldwide platforms. Written by means of a staff of the world's major deliberative theorists, Deliberative platforms explains the foundations of this new strategy, which seeks methods of making sure department of deliberative labour in a procedure still meets either deliberative and democratic norms. instead of easily elaborating the idea, the participants learn the issues of implementation in a true international of competing norms, competing associations and competing strong pursuits. This pioneering ebook will motivate a thrilling new part of deliberative study, either theoretical and empirical.
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Extra info for Deliberative Systems: Deliberative Democracy at the Large Scale (Theories of Institutional Design)
The rest of the political system has a number of complementary functions. One function is to elaborate an adequately wide array of different packages of basic aims from which citizens can make their choices. Political parties are plausibly the primary element in the system for carrying out this task but some interest groups and activist groups also attempt to put together packages of basic aims from which the citizens make their choices. Parties and opinion leaders attempt to persuade citizens respectively that the set of aims they favour is desirable.
Certain kinds of partisan news commentary significantly raise the levels of incivility between citizens, as they did, for example, in the US in the 1900s (Schudson 1978). But it is not clear that partisanship in and of itself is uncivil or involves a lack of respect. Furthermore, at times (as noted in our discussion of protest) shrillness and disrespect may be warranted to raise awareness or get an issue on the agenda. Partisanship in itself is not in principle antithetical to the ethical function of the deliberative system.
Political parties and interest group associations are designed to create communities of persons who are like-minded and thus who have a certain degree of solidarity with each other. When people share this like-mindedness they can trust each other to pursue the common aims even when their opportunities and capacities for monitoring each other are relatively limited. This could be particularly important when some do not fully understand what the others are thinking. Political parties or parts of them can degenerate into mere systems of patronage, clientelism, or systems for acquiring power.