By Stephen Kershnar
On a few money owed, punishment is justified by way of the great effects that it brings approximately. particularly, punishment deters, incapacitates, and will, every so often, rehabilitate criminals. On a retributivist conception, punishment isn't justified at the foundation of those fascinating effects, yet relatively at the indisputable fact that the perpetrator has performed whatever that merits punishment.
Read or Download Desert, Retribution, and Torture PDF
Similar criminology books
Youngsters who come into touch with law enforcement officials at the streets this present day have little suggestion of the importance of the stabbing to dying of Stephen Lawrence in a racist assault in 1993. simply their mom and dad or grandparents have in mind the day-by-day exposures of police incompetence and oblique racism which have been given excessive profile within the media for 6 months.
American prisons and jails are overflowing with inmates. to alleviate the strain, courts have imposed fines on overcrowded amenities and fiscally strapped governments were pressured to liberate a number of prisoners upfront. during this examine, famous criminologist Charles Logan makes the case for advertisement operation of prisons and jails instead to the government's monopoly.
This short discusses ways to enhance and preserve police – researcher partnerships. First, the authors offer info that may be valuable to police managers and researchers who're drawn to growing and retaining partnerships to behavior learn, interact to enhance policing and support others comprehend the linkages among the 2 teams.
The only, yes approach that imprisonment prevents crime is by way of restraining offenders from committing crimes whereas they're locked up. referred to as "incapacitation" by way of specialists in criminology, this impression has turn into the dominant justification for imprisonment within the usa, the place good over 1000000 people are at the moment in jails and prisons and public figures who are looking to seem tricky on crime periodically urge that we throw away the foremost.
- The Death Penalty: A Debate
- Professional practice in crime prevention and security management
- Handbook of Scales for Research in Crime and Delinquency
Extra info for Desert, Retribution, and Torture
S. Constitution 90 First Amendment (1791) 91 Fourth Amendment (1791) 91 Eighth Amendment (1791) 91 Fourteenth Amendment (1868) 92 Prisoners' Rights Cases 92 Johnson v. Avery (1969) 93 Holt v. Sarver (1969) 94 Estelle v. Gamble (1976) 95 Page ix Bell v. Wolfish (1979) 96 Ruiz v. Estelle (1980) 97 Hudson v. McMillian (1992) 98 Jordan v. Gardner (1993) 99 The Declaration of Principles (1870) 101 Prison Data 102 Sentencing 103 Prison System Expansion 104 Prisoner Characteristics 104 Prisoner Health and Mortality 105 Private Prisons 106 Notes 118 6 Agencies and Organizations 119 7 Print Resources 149 Books and Reference Materials 150 Journals, Magazines, and Newsletters 172 Government Documents and Agency Publications 176 8 Nonprint Resources 181 Films 183 Internet Addresses 206 Glossary 211 Index 217 About the Authors 227 Page xi Preface For over 200 years, imprisonment has held the central place in the punishment of criminals in the United States.
In their typical configuration, these systems had a central penitentiary (often a renovated institution dating from the early nineteenth century) for serious adult offenders, male and female. In the Northeast and the Midwest most states also operated two reformatory prisons for young adults, one for males and one for females. Typically the female reformatory would receive mainly misdemeanants and minor first offenders, but increasingly they also received female felons formerly held at the central penitentiary.
However, incarceration is our punishment of choice for most serious offenders. All citizens ought to know something about the origins of imprisonment, its evolution, key policy issues raised by its current use, and problems likely to be associated with it in the future. Americans can be said to have invented modern incarceration as a means of criminal punishment. Although Europe provided precedents, theoretical justifications, and even architectural plans for imprisoning offenders, Americans developed the blueprints for the typical prisons of today and devised the disciplinary routines, types of sentences, and programs that prison systems of other countries subsequently adopted or modified.