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By Daniel Gaido, Richard B. Day

Translated, edited and brought via Richard B. Day and Daniel F. Gaido

The thought of imperialism is generally linked to a number of the ‘big names’ within the historical past of ecu Marxism, resembling Lenin, Rosa Luxemburg, Rudolf Hilferding and Nikolai Bukharin, along whom the English innovative John Hobson is mostly pointed out. although, little is understood concerning the improvement of Marxist thought in this topic in addition to the books of those figures. This quantity assembles for the 1st time the most files of the foreign debate on imperialism that happened within the moment overseas through the interval 1898–1916. It assesses the contributions of the person individuals to the constructing idea of imperialism, putting them within the context of latest political debates.


“[T]his is a very first-class booklet, that's deeply informative concerning the improvement of Marxist rules approximately imperialism earlier than Lenin’s recognized textual content … [It] might be as extensively learn at the left as attainable. It opens up a vista of a way more complicated debate and improvement than our ‘traditional’ left narratives of the difficulty let us see.”
—Mike Macnair, The Weekly Worker

"Richard B. Day and Daniel Gaido have played a massive carrier through making to be had for the 1st time in english fifty-five articles documenting the debates between socialists (primarily, yet now not completely, in the German socialist circulate) with admire to imperialism within the decade and a part top as much as international warfare I."
—International Socialist Review


Editorial Introduction

1. Max Beer, ‘Modern English Imperialism’ (London, November 1897)
2. Max Beer, ‘The usa in 1898’ (New York, 31 December 1898)
3. Max Beer, ‘The usa in 1899’ (New York, 19 November 1899)
4. Paul Louis, ‘Anglo-Saxon Imperialism’ (March 1899)
5. Paul Louis, ‘Imperialism in England and the United States’ (September–December 1900)
6. Karl Kautsky, ‘The battle in South Africa’ (November 1899)
7. Karl Kautsky, ‘Germany, England and World-Policy’ (8 and 10 may possibly 1900)
8. Heinrich Cunow, ‘Trade-Agreements and Imperialist Expansion-Policy’ (May 1900)
9. Heinrich Cunow, ‘American Expansionist coverage in East Asia’ (June–July 1902)
10. Eduard Bernstein, ‘Social Democracy and Imperialism’ (May 1900)
11. Theodor Rothstein, ‘The South-African warfare and the Decadence of English Liberalism’ (July 1901)
12. Max Beer, ‘Reflections on England’s Decline’ (New York, March 1901)
13. Max Beer, ‘Social Imperialism’ (8 November 1901)
14. Max Beer, ‘Party-Projects in England’ (January 1902)
15. Max Beer, ‘Imperialist Policy’ (December 1902)
16. Max Beer, ‘Imperialist Literature’ (December 1906)
17. Paul Louis, ‘An Essay on Imperialism’ (April 1904)
18. Julian Marchlewski-Karski, ‘English Imperialism’ (4 October 1904)
19. Julian Marchlewski-Karski, ‘A Victory of Imperialism’ (10 November 1904)
20. Otto Bauer, ‘On British Imperialism’ (January 1907)
21. Parvus (Alexander Helphand), ‘Before the “Hottentot Elections”’ (January 1907)
22. Parvus (Alexander Helphand), Colonies and Capitalism within the 20th Century (June 1907)
23. Rudolf Hilferding, ‘German Imperialism and family Politics’ (October 1907)
24. Otto Bauer, ‘Austria and Imperialism’ (October 1908)
25. Otto Bauer, ‘National and overseas Viewpoints on international Policy’ (September 1909)
26. Otto Bauer, ‘Imperialism and Socialism in England’ (January 1910)
27. Otto Bauer, ‘Finance Capital’ (June 1910)
28. Julian B. Marchlewski (Karski), ‘Rudolf Hilferding’s Finance Capital: A learn of the most recent section of Capitalist Development’ (27 August 1910)
29. Rosa Luxemburg, ‘Peace-Utopias’ (6–8 may well 1911)
30. Rosa Luxemburg, ‘Morocco’ (August 1911)
31. Rosa Luxemburg, ‘Petty-Bourgeois or Proletarian World-Policy?’ (19 August 1911)
32. Karl Kautsky, ‘World-Politics, World-War and Social Democracy!’ (August 1911)
33. Rosa Luxemburg, ‘Our Broadsheet on Morocco’ (26 August 1911)
34. Rudolf Hilferding, ‘The Party-Congress and international Policy’ (September 1911)
35. Julian Marchlewski (Karski), ‘Imperialism or Socialism?’ (1912)
36. Karl Radek, ‘German Imperialism and the operating Class’ (March 1912)
37. Karl Radek, ‘Our fight opposed to Imperialism’ (May 1912)
38. Paul Lensch, ‘Militia and Disarmament’ (August 1912)
39. Gustav Eckstein, ‘Imperialism and Arms-Limitation’ (September 1912)
40. Karl Radek, ‘Ways and potential within the fight opposed to Imperialism’ (14 September 1912)
41. Paul Lensch, ‘Social Democracy and overseas Policy’ (9 December 1912)
42. SPD Party-Congress at Chemnitz, Debate and backbone on Imperialism (15-21 September, 1912)
43. Anton Pannekoek, ‘Review of Rosa Luxemburg: the buildup of Capital: A Contribution to the industrial clarification of Imperialism’ (January 1913)
44. Gustav Eckstein, ‘Rosa Luxemburg’s the buildup of Capital: A Critique’ (16 February 1913)
45. Otto Bauer, ‘The Accumulation of Capital’ (1913)
46. Franz Mehring, ‘Review of Rosa Luxemburg, the buildup of Capital: A Contribution to an fiscal rationalization of Imperialism’ (1914)
47. Karl Kautsky, ‘Imperialism’ (September 1914)
48. Anton Pannekoek, ‘The cave in of the International’ (20–2 October 1914)
49. Karl Kautsky, ‘National kingdom, Imperialist nation and Confederation’ (February 1915)
50. Rosa Luxemburg, ‘Perspectives and Projects’ (1915)
51. Karl Radek, ‘The using Forces of Imperialism’ (March 1915)
52. Leon Trotsky, ‘The country and the Economy’ (July 1915)
53. Anton Pannekoek, ‘The Prehistory of the World-War’ (1915)
54. Anton Pannekoek, ‘Imperialism and the projects of the Proletariat’ (January 1916)

Appendix: Rosa Luxemburg and the buildup of Capital

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Extra resources for Discovering Imperialism: Social Democracy to World War I (Historical Materialism Book Series, Volume 33)

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126 But the capitalists had found new expedients to prolong their rule. The first was to limit foreign competition through protective tariffs and to suppress internal competition by means of cartels and trusts. A second was to dispose of surplus-production through unproductive consumption by the state – the arms-race and militarism. The third was to export capital to backward agricultural countries, particularly to the colonies. ’127 The main vehicle of capital-export, Kautsky explained, was railwayconstruction, transforming modern means of communication into ‘means of extracting more products from poorer countries than before’.

61. Luxemburg 1972, Vol. I/1, pp. 800–1. ’ (Luxemburg 1972, Vol. I/1, p. 804). During debates over a resolution on world policy submitted by Paul Singer, differences emerged over whether imperialism was a policy of ‘reaction’ or represented ‘perhaps the last stage of development of capitalism’, as the delegate from Karlsruhe, Anton Fendrich, put it. Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands 1900, Protokoll über die Verhandlungen des Parteitages abgehalten zu Mainz vom 17. bis 21. September 1900, p.

In one of these, ‘Germany, England and World Policy’ (1900), he did mention the concept of finance-capital, but not in Rudolf Hilferding’s later sense of a merger between banking and industrial capital. 58 The SPD Congress at Mainz (17–21 September 1900) Among German Social Democrats, the first full-scale debate on imperialism came at a party congress held in Mainz on 17–21 September, 1900. The topic was ‘world policy [Weltpolitik]’, involving the implications of the Boer War 55. Kautsky 1886, p.

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