Download Disposal and Management of Solid Waste: Pathogens and by Eliot Epstein PDF

By Eliot Epstein

In constructed international locations, wastewater and sewage sludge are disposed by way of signifies that decrease or reduce publicity of people to sickness organisms. such a lot municipal sturdy waste is going to landfills that have liners to guard groundwater. people are usually uncovered to pathogens, leading to severe ailments from the disposal of human and animal wastes. This publication describes some of the pathogens and ailments that may be present in sturdy waste and describes the skill and possibilities for disposal and administration of varied stable waste materials.

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There are several reasons for these trends. Many communities mandate recycling with a minimum separation of paper from glass and plastics and do not allow disposal of yard waste in landfills. The use of garbage disposals in the home reduces food waste removal. For many years, New York City prohibited garbage disposals in homes. More recently, this restriction was lifted, resulting in more liquid and greater biological oxygen demand (BOD) going into wastewater treatment plants and production of more sewage sludge.

1992. Critical review: the health significance of environmental odor pollution. Arch Environ Health 47: 76–87. Villemure CS, Slotnick BM, and Bushnell MC. 2003. Effects of odor on pain perception: deciphering the role of emotion and attention. Pain 106: 101–108. Walker JM. 1993. Control of composting odors. In Hoitink HAJ and Keener HM, eds. Science and Engineering of Composting: Design, Environmental, Microbiological, and Utilization Aspects. Columbus, OH: Ohio State University. Water Environment Federation (WEF).

Both the workers and the scavengers are contaminated directly or through bioaerosols. PATHOGENS AND THEIR DISEASES A pathogen is an organism capable of causing disease. It can be a virus, bacteria, micro­organ­isms, fungi, or actinomycetes. Often, they are classified as primary and secondary pathogens. Primary pathogens can invade and infect a healthy person. The young and aged are the most vulnerable. Secondary pathogens primarily invade and infect a debilitated person or an individual on immunosuppressant medication.

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