Download Diversity of Service Academy Entrants and Graduates by Sheila Nataraj Kirby, Harry J. Thie, Scott Naftel, Marisa PDF

By Sheila Nataraj Kirby, Harry J. Thie, Scott Naftel, Marisa Adelson

Analyses of knowledge on provider academy entrants exhibit that, even supposing the chances of ladies and nonwhite entrants have elevated, those teams are likely to graduate and whole their preliminary carrier legal responsibility at reduce charges than their opposite numbers. although, in fresh cohorts, those teams confirmed better commencement premiums. The learn ended in a number of strategies for the U.S. division of security to help provider efforts to extend variety.

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The total number of Navy officers declined from a little over 54,000 to approximately 50,000 during this period, and the Air Force posted the largest decline—from 74,000 to 66,000 officers. As a percentage of the total, the Army accounts for about a third of the officer corps (35 percent in 2007), the Navy for about onequarter (24 percent in 2007), and the Air Force for about one-third (32 percent in 2007). The Marine Corps is the smallest of the services, accounting for about 8 percent of the officer corps (9 percent in 2007).

1 shows the graduation rates by race/ethnicity and gender for very selective four-year institutions and for the service academies. Academy graduation rates are higher than those in comparable civilian four-year institutions on average and across all racial/ethnic groups. For example, 72 percent of blacks graduated from the service academies, on average, compared with 60 percent who attended four-year civilian institutions—a substantial 12-percentage-point gap in graduation rates. We noted earlier that graduation rates for the most recent cohorts entering the academies (2003–2005) have increased; if this improvement is sustained, the gap in graduation rates may be even larger.

S. Department of Defense (DoD) could take to support the services’ action plans to improve diversity in the academies. These suggestions are based on recently published RAND work and other literature. Data on diversity in the service academies are placed in the context of the diversity of the military officer force, of civilian college graduates aged 21– 35 years, and of civilian college graduates aged 21–49 years in the civilian workforce. Background on the Service Academies The three service academies—USMA, USAFA, and USNA—are overseen by the three military departments of DoD (the Army, Air Force, and Navy, respectively).

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