Download Early Roman Armies by Nicholas Sekunda, Simon Northwood, Richard Hook PDF

By Nicholas Sekunda, Simon Northwood, Richard Hook

The early Romans have been just one of a couple of peoples that inhabited Iron Age vital Italy. From the eighth to the third century BC, the Romans undertook territorial enlargement, and clash with neighbouring tribes and cultures led to open warfare, such a lot particularly with the Samnites. Alliances sprang have been created too - however the upward thrust of Rome was once unstoppable. This name covers the apparatus, weaponry and get dressed of the early Romans, from the normal starting place in 753 BC to the 3rd century BC, the place the dominance of Rome was once past problem. It additionally offers with advancements in war, overlaying the early cavalry, the pre-hoplite military, the hoplite military and the manipular military. Etruscan, Latin, and Samnite battle also are mentioned. Men-at-Arms 283, 291 and forty six also are on hand in one quantity certain version as ‘Caesar’s Legions’.

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Early Roman Armies

The early Romans have been just one of a couple of peoples that inhabited Iron Age relevant Italy. From the eighth to the third century BC, the Romans undertook territorial growth, and clash with neighbouring tribes and cultures led to open warfare, so much particularly with the Samnites. Alliances sprang have been created too - however the upward thrust of Rome used to be unstoppable.

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93 If so, the reforms of 449 BC may have required for the first time that all military commanders be confirmed by a popular assembly that represented the Roman people. 94 91. Cic. Rep. 4–6; cf. 14. Only the lex Valeria of 300 BC is accepted generally. 92. 1–13, Dion. Hal. 5–7, Dion. Hal. 7, Dion. Hal. 7–8. 93. See Heuss (1944) 57–133. Humm (2012) 83 has also argued that the curiate law was created after the monarchy had been expelled from Rome. 94. 3). See chapter 2 for a full discussion of the role played by the comitia curiata in authorizing military command.

20 Concepts and Traditions of Military Leadership in Early Rome tary resources made up of their family and retainers or dependents. 39 The close proximity of enemies made small-scale raids a constant part of life, and the Romans no doubt responded to (and initiated) such attacks in various ways. While large armies might be put together for campaigns of conquest or major punitive actions, it was probably more usual for clans (gentes) to defend their own territory and possessions with private war bands.

101 If true, this would mean that originally the comitia centuriata merely approved the choice of the patricians, although it might get to make a choice if the patricians supplied more candidates than needed. ” 100. For example, the Macedonian army traditionally had the right to approve a new king by acclamation. See Potter (1996a) 133–34, esp. n. 13. 101. 4–12. 64. On the patrician use of religious authority to dominate political affairs in early Rome, see Palmer (1970 [2009]) 191–280, Raaflaub (2005b) 198, Schiavone (2012) 66–79.

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