By Jeffrey Ian Ross
Anyone dwelling or operating in a urban has feared or skilled highway crime at one time or one other; no matter if or not it's a mugging, handbag snatching, or a extra violent crime. within the united states, road crime has lately hovered close to ancient lows; for this reason, the statement of convinced analysts that highway existence in the US hasn't ever been more secure. yet is it particularly? highway crime has replaced over earlier many years, specifically with the appearance of surveillance cameras in public places―the territory of the road criminal―but whilst, criminals have discovered how you can adapt. This encyclopedic reference focuses totally on city way of life and its linked crimes, starting from housebreaking to drug peddling to homicide to new, extra subtle types of highway crime and scams. This conventional A-to-Z reference has major assurance of police and courts and different legal justice sub-disciplines whereas additionally that includes thematic articles at the sociology of highway crime.
Features & Benefits:
- 175 signed entries inside of a unmarried quantity in print and digital codecs supply in-depth assurance to the subject of road crime in America.
- Cross-References and proposals for additional Readings consultant readers to extra resources.
- Entries are supported by means of brilliant images and illustrations to raised convey the cloth alive.
- A thematic Reader's advisor teams similar entries via large subject components and, in the digital model, combines with Cross-References and a close Index for handy search-and-browse capabilities.
- A Chronology offers readers with a historic standpoint of road crime in America.
- Appendices offer assets of information and records, annotated to spotlight their relevance.
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Additional info for Encyclopedia of Street Crime in America
1989: Portland, Oregon, passes a local ordinance allowing police officers to impound the vehicles of 1990: In New York, Hispanics replace African Americans as the dominant force in street gangs. 1990: Congress makes it a felony violation to bring guns within 1,000 feet of any school. 1990: Boston turns to community policing after experiencing 152 homicides and 1,000 aggravated assaults in a single year. Homicides rates drop 50 percent overall. The homicide rate among people younger than 24 decreases by two-thirds.
This method has proven over time to be highly reliable. 08 percent. Such tests are legally admissible and typically accepted by jurors, judges, and prosecutors as proof of intoxication. There are a number of myths regularly perpetuated that breathalyzer tests can be beat by sucking on pennies, charcoal tablets, or batteries. Yet none have been shown to work. Instead, tight controls are in place to ensure that individuals receive accurate measurements that do not allow false positives measured by improperly calibrated machines or the use of high-alcohol-content mouthwashes.
Further Readings Anderson, Elijah. The Code of the Street: Decency, Violence and the Moral Life of the Inner City. New York: Norton Paperbacks, 1999. Fagan, Jeffrey. ” In Drugs and Crime, Crime and Justice: A Review of Research, Vol. 13, Michael Tonry and James Q. Wilson, eds. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1991. Hagedorn John M. People and Folks: Gangs, Crime and the Underclass In a Rustbelt City. Chicago: Lakeview Press, 1988. Miller, Walter B. 14/5–11 (1958). Office of National Drug Control Policy.