Download Exporting Africa: Technology, Trade and Industrialization in by Sam Wangwe PDF

By Sam Wangwe

Exporting Africa explains how agencies, that have built export alternate in Sub-Saharan economies, were capable of maintain their competitiveness within the face of fast technological switch within the foreign economic system: in brief, how they care for the threats and the guarantees which speedy technological alterations current to Africa. The papers current new empirical study and an cutting edge conceptual framework.

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Extra info for Exporting Africa: Technology, Trade and Industrialization in Sub-Saharan Africa (Unu Intech Studies in New Technology and Development, No 4)

Sample text

From the behaviouralists they have taken an understanding of the limits of human rationality which Trade theory 29 make it unlikely that firms can maximize over the whole set of conceivable alternatives. g. Coase, Williamson). g. g. Rosenberg, David). The version of evolutionary theory presented by Nelson and Winter (1982) questions two pillars of neoclassical theory. First, the maximization model of firm behaviour is questioned with respect to the way it specifies the objective function and the set of things that firms are supposed to know how to do.

40 Exporting Africa: an analysis THE DYNAMICS OF FIRM CAPABILITIES The firm as a unit of analysis While recognizing the influence of macroeconomic policy and industrial policy, the premise adopted in this book is that it is primarily firms which compete and continue to develop the capability to remain competitive. Such firms achieve their competitiveness in a broader macroeconomic and sectoral policy context. Therefore the objective, to understand how firms have been developing their capabilities to survive and compete in export markets, is pursued within a broader macro and sectoral policy context.

The productivity of a production unit is the ratio of its output to its input. Productivity differences are accounted for by differences in production technology, differences in the efficiency of the production process and differences in the environment in which production occurs. 1 The efficiency of a production unit is the ratio between the observed and the potential maximum output obtainable from a given input, or the ratio of minimum potential input to the observed input required to produce a given output.

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