By Simon K.F. Stoddart
The Etruscans created some of the most hugely constructed cultures of the pre-Roman Mediterranean international. At one time, having keep watch over over an important a part of the Mediterranean, the Etruscans laid the rules of town of Rome. that they had their very own language, which hasn't ever been absolutely deciphered, and their paintings motivated such artists as Michelangelo. whereas the Etruscans have been finally conquered by means of the Romans, they left in the back of a wealthy culture.
The old Dictionary of the Etruscans relates the heritage of this tradition, concentrating on facets in their fabric tradition and artwork background. A chronology, introductory essay, bibliography, appendix of museums and learn institutes, and hundreds of thousands of cross-referenced dictionary entries on vital individuals, locations, occasions, and associations supply an access right into a comparative research of the Etruscans.
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The Etruscans created the most hugely constructed cultures of the pre-Roman Mediterranean international. At one time, having regulate over an important a part of the Mediterranean, the Etruscans laid the rules of the town of Rome. that they had their very own language, which hasn't ever been absolutely deciphered, and their artwork encouraged such artists as Michelangelo.
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Additional info for Historical Dictionary of the Etruscans (Historical Dictionaries of Ancient Civilizations and Historical Eras)
The ritual practice of the principal Etruscan ritual specialist. See also DISCIPLINA ETRUSCA. AULES. The mythical founder of Perugia. AURINA. See SATURNIA. AURORA. The Roman divinity equivalent to the Etruscan Thesan. AVILE VIBENNAS (VIPENA). The name of an individual from a significant Etruscan family of Vulci. See also MYTHOLOGY; VIPENA. BAGNOREGIO • 21 – B – BACCANO LAKE. See SOUTH ETRURIA. BACCHUS. The Roman divinity of wine, equivalent to the Etruscan Fufluns. BAD DÜRKHEIM. An early La Tène grave from the Rhineland region of Germany that contained an Etruscan Schnabelkanne, an stamnos thought to be Etruscan, a bronze rod tripod, a gold neck ring, two gold arm rings, two amber beads, and the gold decorative elements of a drinking horn.
It was an important node for Athenian trade up the Adriatic. See also PORTS. AEDICULA TOMBS. Aedicula tombs are a distinctive class of tombs found particularly in Populonia, taking the form of a small house formed from shaped blocks and dating to the sixth century BC. 6 • AEGINA AEGINA. The Greek island where the Greek sanctuary of Athena was found, which has yielded a sixth-century BC Etruscan dedicatory inscription, by an Etruscan trader Plavtena from Caere, on a Laconian cup. This can be interpreted as the counterpart to the dedication of an anchor by a Greek Sostratos at Gravisca.
In South Etruria particularly, the major cities were in excess of 100 hectares in size whereas the next rank of settlement was only occasionally in excess of 30 hectares. This gave a distinct focus to the identity of community and the walls themselves were surrounded by cemeteries of the dead, particularly on the major approaches into the city. Cities of the dead were thus closely associated with the cities of the living. The city identity was also defined, at least by the sixth century BC, by sanctuaries placed at the political limits of its territory.