By Nevenko Bartulin
Among 1941 and 1945, in a single of the extra curious episodes of racial politics in the course of the moment global battle, a small variety of Jews have been granted the rights of Aryan voters within the self reliant kingdom of Croatia via the pro-Nazi Utasha regime. This research seeks to provide an explanation for how those exemptions from Ustasha racial legislation got here to be, and specifically how they have been justified through the race idea of the time. writer Nevenko Bartulin explores those questions in the broader histories of anti-Semitism, nationalism, and race in Croatia within the overdue 19th and early 20th century, tracing Croatian Jews' afflicted trip from "Croats of the Mosaic faith" earlier than international conflict II to their eventual rejection as racial extraterrestrial beings by way of the Utasha circulate.
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Extra resources for Honorary Aryans: National–Racial Identity and Protected Jews in the Independent State of Croatia
Wistrich, ‘The Jews and Nationality Conflicts in the Habsburg Lands’, Nationalities Papers, 22, No. 1 (1994): 130–132. 120 Biondich, Stjepan Radić, 110. ) (Sarajevo: Tiskara Vogler i drugovi, 1907), 13–15. 122 ibid. 123 Joseph Deniker, The Races of Man: An Outline of Anthropology and Ethnography, Havelock Ellis ed. (London: Walter Scott, Limited, 1900), 333–334. 124 ibid, 325–326. 125 ibid, 318–319, 329, 334. 126 [Truhelka], Hrvatska Bosna, 18. 127 ibid, 18–20. com - Trial Access - PalgraveConnect - 2013-11-01 Racial Nationalism and Anti-Semitism, 1782–1918 Honorary Aryans 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 ibid, 20–22.
108 ibid, 53, 76. 109 ibid, 77. 110 ibid. 111 ibid. 112 ‘Židovstvo kao negativni elemenat kulture’ (1906), in Stjepan Radić, O Židovima (Kamnik: Slatnar, 1938). 113 ibid, 6. 114 ibid. 115 ibid, 6–15. 116 ibid, 16. 117 Biondich, Stjepan Radić, 77. 118 Paul Lendvai, The Hungarians: 1000 Years of Victory in Defeat (London: Hurst & Company, 2003), 329–347. 119 Robert S. Wistrich, ‘The Jews and Nationality Conflicts in the Habsburg Lands’, Nationalities Papers, 22, No. 1 (1994): 130–132. 120 Biondich, Stjepan Radić, 110.
141 It is important to note that, for Truhelka, the Serb–Vlachs, and not the Jews, represented the main ethnic–racial ‘problem’ of Bosnia. Identifying Vlachs with Jews (and Armenians) was meant to establish the racial ‘otherness’ and essentially non-European origin of the Serbs; after all, by the end of the nineteenth century, the Jew came to represent the non-Aryan par excellence of the European continent. Accordingly, Truhelka was able to intellectually construct the idea of a profound racial distinction between Croats and Serbs by arguing that the latter, as descendants of the Vlachs, were part of the same degenerate non-European race as the Jews.