By Michael Ehst, Michael Ehst (Editor) Alfred Watkins
This booklet summarizes, and highlights major messages from, a February 2007 international discussion board convened by means of the realm financial institution to debate innovations, courses, and rules for development technology, know-how and innovation (STI) means to advertise sustainable development and poverty aid in constructing nations.
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Extra info for Science, Technology, and Innovation: Capacity Building for Sustainable Growth
Alternative energy. Many of the world’s poorest residents live in urban settlements and rural villages that are not connected to the central power grid. Building central generating plants and connecting remote villages to the central grid is neither feasible nor affordable in many countries. Therefore, to serve these people, countries will need to develop alternative, decentralized energy sources including wind, solar, thermal, small-scale hydro, and, where appropriate, bio fuel. While every home cannot be connected to these alternative energy supplies, at least initially, central locations such as schools and public health clinics can be electrified and can serve as central locations for computer centers, Internet cafes, and other public facilities.
Financing hardware (building new laboratories, acquiring new scientific equipment) versus financing software (programs and policies that improve the incentives to innovate)? • Pursuing horizontal policies (level the playing field; reduce administrative barriers and the cost of doing business; improve the quality, governance, and relevance of the education system; enhance intellectual property [IP] protection) that establish a good business climate versus pursuing vertical policies that strengthen the STI capacity in those sectors that the market has identified as probable winners?
This is typically the most lucrative end of the market and the one that is most difficult to access. • The entrepreneurs who developed these businesses all work (or plan to work) in partnership with subsistence farmers. Specifically, local farmers devote a portion of their time and land to growing a cash crop. The rest of their time is devoted to subsistence agriculture. The cash crop is expected to generate an annual income of approximately $300 to $500 per family. ) The subsistence farming activities will provide most of the family’s basic food supply.