Download The Reclamation of Former Coal Mines and Steelworks by I.G. Richards, J.P. Palmer and P.A. Barratt (Eds.) PDF

By I.G. Richards, J.P. Palmer and P.A. Barratt (Eds.)

. This ebook , the results of stories undertaken on behalf of the ecu fee, examines the present 'state of the paintings' innovations for the recovery of despoiled lands coming up from the coal and metal industries. It offers technical -guidance to help the method of the regeneration of the coat and metal groups of Europe. The chapters are totally move referenced within the textual content, and the place extra technical or medical element is equipped, this has been put into packing containers instead of generally textual content. The publication can be of significant curiosity to environmental scientists and engineers, and to all those people who are thinking about mining,, mineral waste. soil toxins and, waste administration and disposal.

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The Reclamation of Former Coal Mines and Steelworks

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Extra resources for The Reclamation of Former Coal Mines and Steelworks

Example text

42 Techniques of ground investigation . . . . . . 44 Trial pits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44 Boreholes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 Soil probes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 Geophysical techniques . . . . . . . . . . 52 Investigation of contamination . . . . . . . . 54 Nature of contamination . . . . . . . . . . 54 Sampling strategy . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Sample collection . .

The general trend was one of increased production from the 1950s through to 1970, followed by decline in the 1970s. The ‘Steel Plan’ was approved in 1978 which led to restructuring and a change of emphasis in the type of goods produced. The steel crisis in 1980 and another heavy recession led to further legislation and incentives to close down private companies. By 1986 no further aid was being given to the steel industry. The resulting closure of works had, by 1992, produced 750ha of derelict land.

The benefits of long running reclamation programmes can be measured on a macro, regional IN JRODUCT/ON 24 scale and at the level of the individual. There is clear evidence in regions of the United Kingdom and Germany of the social and economic benefits which flow from this work. Less fortunate regions, burdened with yet more declining enterprises based on coal and steel, and with a legacy of dereliction, should be encouraged by the progress made by pioneer regions in the field of derelict land reclamation.

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