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By William Safran

What's the position of faith in sleek political structures? This quantity addresses that query by way of concentrating on ten international locations throughout a number of geographic components: Western and East-Central Europe, North the USA, the center East and South Asia. those international locations are similar within the feel that they're dedicated to constitutional rule, have embraced a kind of secular tradition, and feature formal promises of freedom of faith. but in all of the instances tested right here faith impinges at the political approach within the kind of criminal institution, semi-legitimation, subvention, and/or selective institutional preparations and its position is mirrored in cultural norms, electoral behaviour and public rules. the connection among faith and politics is available in many sorts in differing nations, but all are confronted with 3 significant demanding situations: modernity, democracy and the more and more multi-ethnic and multi-religious nature in their societies.

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Following the birth control encyclical issue by Pope Paul VI in 1968, large numbers of Catholics decided to make their own judgements on the matter and to abide by them rather than the Church. 14 Nevertheless, this voluntary nature of religion in the United States has also, ironically, enhanced religion’s vulnerability to social influence in the American context. Though religion is voluntary, a person’s religious faith can be heavily shaped by the values and identities of the social groups to which one belongs, as religious energies are largely channelled within preexisting social and cultural lines.

Either the Democratic or Republican Party) on the basis of taking differing religious positions with regard to the same specific political issue under debate. At the same time, with only two parties, different religious groups can also come to support the same party for different religious reasons on the basis of different political issues that may be differentially salient to such religious groups. ‘Weak’ Political Parties Finally, despite this two-party system, American elections are more ‘candidate centred’ than those in most other political systems.

For example, by any comparable measure, Evangelical ‘modernists’ are probably a good bit more orthodox theologically and organizationally active than their Mainline Protestant or Catholic counterparts. Finally, as the number of Black Protestants in the post-election survey is relatively small (N=180), and as this tradition shows little evidence of theological polarization at this time, Black Protestants were not divided into theological groups. To determine the extent of religious interest group mobilization in 1996, we asked potential voters five questions: 1.

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